## Overview

This lesson develops an explanation for the Pop-up Computer result in Lesson 5. First, students predict how the pop-up will fit inside the book when it is closed; then they find out by assembling a pop-up inside a clear folder. The results will probably surprise them (and you)! This information leads to a visual picture of why A + B = C + D.

## Materials

**For each student:**

- Scissors, tape, ballpoint pen and ruler

- Parallel-fold Template

- Worksheet: Where Does it Hide?

- See-thru Book

- Science Notebook

## Procedure

**When does the pop-up make A + B = C + D?** When you first tape a strip in the book, all you know is the strip length B + C. Lead a discussion about when and how the book decides on the separate link lengths B & C. See a video illustrating this issue. **Outcome**: The book separates B and C and forces A + B = C + D only when it closes.

**Where does it hide?** To find out why A + B = C + D, we need to know what happens when the book is closed. The Worksheet asks students to predict where the pop-up “hides” when the book is closed. Students should draw their predictions in the middle column. To check their predictions, point out that they can’t see inside the book when it’s closed – unless they have x-ray vision, like Superman! To solve this problem, we have invented the See-thru Book, which they can look inside when it’s closed. See a video showing how to use the See-thru Book.

**Outcome**: See the answer quide to the Worksheet.

**Discuss the results of the experiment**: Why does the pop-up get pushed over to the right as the book is closed? What is making it go there?

**Outcome:** When the left page closes over the right page, it pushes the left page position and fold with it, making them move over to the right.

**Why does A + B = C + D?** Inside the See-thru Book, use markers to label A, B, C, and D. Then compare the distance A + B on one side with the distance C + D on the other side of the book. See a video showing why A + B = C + D.

**Outcome**: When the book is closed, A + B and C + D are on opposite sides of the book and both start and end at the same place, so they are equal.

**Extensions**: Explore how to make the pop-up stay inside the book

Discover how to make a pop-up that lies flat when the book is open. What shapes does it make from an edge view?