Classroom procedures that are not working well are starting points for Designed Environment projects that deal with procedures. All you need for such a project is to be sensitive to a situation that is not working, and then involve the students in finding the solution. Tonia Bailey, a third grade teacher, did several Designed Environments projects. Here is one of her classroom problems:

Children forget to put their chairs up after school. The custodian will not sweep the classroom if chairs are not placed on tables at the end of the day.

As she worked on Designed Environments projects, Tonia found it difficult to engage the whole class from the beginning, so she developed an approach that worked better for her and her students. She had a small group of students do the initial analysis of the problem that they then shared with the rest of the class. From that point on it became a class project. Tonia tells how this worked with the “Chairs Up and Down” project.

FIGURE 1: A Tally Graph dcumenting the extent of the “Chairs Up and Down” problem

I had three students collect data. I explained to them that they were working on a top-secret assignment and that they could not mention it to any of their classmates. They were to create a way to check the chairs at the end of each day. They decided to tally each day and record the number of chairs up and down. I did not change the structure of the day and simply told the children to put up their chairs as I always did. This went on for four days. The children presented their data to the class. Two children presented a tally graph (Figure1).

The class was then divided into five groups and each group was told to develop a way to encourage children to put up their chairs. The groups generated many ideas. They put them on chart paper in small groups (see Figure 2), then we met as a group to discuss and share. The children came up in groups and shared their solutions. The children decided to try out one of the solutions for two days: “Give points to the table that puts up their chairs, then let the winning table come up at the end of the week for lunch.” (Figure 3 is a graph showing four days of secret record- keeping and two days after a solution was tried.)

FIGURE 2: One groupâ€™s brainstorming list about solutions to the “Chairs Up and Down” problem

FIGURE 3: Bar graph showing the number of chairs up and down before record-keeping became public (Days 1-4) and after a solution was tried (Days 5-6)